ntpqprotocol is vulnerable to replay attacks. The sequence number being included under the signature fails to prevent replay attacks for two reasons. Commands that don't require authentication can be used to move the sequence number forward, and NTP doesn't actually care what sequence number is used so a packet can be replayed at any time. If, for example, an attacker can intercept authenticated reconfiguration commands that would. for example, tell
ntpdto connect with a server that turns out to be malicious and a subsequent reconfiguration directive removed that malicious server, the attacker could replay the configuration command to re-establish an association to malicious server. Yes, this is an unlikely scenario, but it could still happen.
ntpdto get time from multiple sources.
restrictstatments in your
ntp.conffile to limit who is allowed to issue
ntpqqueries and remote configuration commands.